Difference between revisions of "Præta/Lexicon"

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| background = {{source|i|OP|ƿaldufni|power}}
 
| background = {{source|i|OP|ƿaldufni|power}}
 
| definitions = {{wordClass|n}}{{definition|Jurisdiction, extent of authority||}}
 
| definitions = {{wordClass|n}}{{definition|Jurisdiction, extent of authority||}}
 +
}}
 +
{{LexiconEntry
 +
| domain = military
 +
| word = Ałeþa
 +
| wordForms = -in (n)
 +
| background = {{source|i|OP|aflyþida|journey, expedition}}{{source|||aflyþ-|to travel away}}
 +
| definitions = {{wordClass|n}}{{definition|Flotilla||}}
 +
}}
 +
{{LexiconEntry
 +
| domain = military
 +
| word = Ałeþus
 +
| wordForms = -in (n)
 +
| background = {{source||OP|[[#Ałeþa|Ałeþa]] + [[#+us|-us]]|flotilla + augmentative}}
 +
| definitions = {{wordClass|n}}{{definition|Naval Squadron||}}
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{LexiconEntry
 
{{LexiconEntry
Line 1,956: Line 1,970:
 
| domain = grammar
 
| domain = grammar
 
| word = +us
 
| word = +us
| wordForms =  
+
| wordForms = -in
 
| background = {{source|i|OP|-iza|more __, -er}}
 
| background = {{source|i|OP|-iza|more __, -er}}
 
| definitions = {{wordClass|suf.n→n}}{{definition|Augmentative Suffix||}}
 
| definitions = {{wordClass|suf.n→n}}{{definition|Augmentative Suffix||}}

Latest revision as of 14:14, 10 October 2019

The following abbreviations are used in the word etymology for language of origin or an earlier form at a particular stage of Præta:

OP. Old Præta
MP. Middle Præta
KM. Khaz Modanian
El. Elw language

Nouns are listed with their Genitive Case ending to indicate their declension:

-is = 1st Declension
-os = 2nd Declension
-in = 3rd Declension (aka weak nouns)

Nouns are also listed according to their grammatical gender:

(c) = Common
(n) = Neuter
Semantic Domain Word Etymology Definition
grammar ad+
inherited from OPand(a)-, "against, through"
pref.
  1. un-, de-, negates direction/motion of the verb
  2. against-, opposed to
  3. back-, in return
communication adhætur
inherited from MPad- + heat-, "to call back"
or
from ad- + hætur
v.
  1. to confess, admit
  2. to acknowledge
  3. to profess, to praise
body Adlut, -in (n)
inherited from OPandaƿlitʒa, "against + looking"
n.
  1. Face
  2. Appearance
  3. Outward expression, demeanor
government Adz, -os (c)
inherited from OPagʒa, "edge"
n.
  1. Shore, Beach
government Adtz, -is (n)
inherited from OPandbahti, "service"
n.
  1. Office, bureaucratic body created and assigned to fulfill a designated function
    • ïa Adtz Miteï Feruhlseïhu - "The Office of Bounties and Factorage"
  2. post, position of authority
    • ïa Adtz Protzin - "The office of Prætor"
mental action adrupur
from and- + ƿairp-, "to throw against"
v.
  1. to devise, plan, design
mental action adþahur
from ad- + þahur, "de- + think"
=
inherited from OPandþankj-, "to finish thinking"
v.
  1. to decide, to conclude (+reflexive)
    • Adþah mi ïe gagges. - "I decide that you would go."
geography Adz, -os (c)
inherited from OPaggja
n.
  1. Island
time Afmiþ, -is (c)
inherited from OPaf + miþi(tyns), "from mid(day)"
n.
  1. Afternoon (12pm to 4pm)
grammar afn+
inherited from OPaftana, "behind"
pref.
  1. rear-
categorisation Afzælt, -in (n)
inherited from OPafdailj- + -ida, "act of sharing, distributing"
n.
  1. portion, an apportioning, a division of something larger
  2. Division, administrative subsection of a lancer Corps
military Ahmst, -is (c)
inherited from OPauh(u)mists, "highest"
n.
  1. Field-Grade Officer, divided into three grades according to seniority
military Aht, -os (c)
inherited from MPåhtå̯, "watch, vigil"
from OPƿahtƿa, "vigil"
n.
  1. watch, a platoon-sized 'spear' unit
  2. an informal detachment of soldiers assigned to guard or patrol duty
  3. a group of sailors assigned to perform a particular set of duties at a particular time
  4. a unit of time, now standardized to four hours, in which said group of sailors or guards perform standing duties
    • Æïare furmiþs Aht. - "We have the forenoon watch."
military Ahtaldan, -is (c)
inherited from MPåhtå̯ + (h)aldann, "watch + holder"
n.
  1. Watchmaster, NCO with authority to command a Watch
grammar +ak, -is (c)
inherited from OP-ags, "-ic, -y"
suf.n→n.
  1. person whose occupation is associated with (+ noun)
communication aktuþur
inherited from OPand- + kƿiþ-, "to speak back"
v.
  1. to salute
  2. to greet
  3. to take leave, say farewell
object Al, -os (c)
inherited from OPƿalus, "stick, staff"
n.
  1. Staff, rod, a long, thin rod (specifically worked into this shape, rather than a stick)
valuation , -is (n)
from afl, "strength"
n.
  1. Power, Strength, Might
government Alïuf, -in (n)
inherited from OPƿaldufni, "power"
n.
  1. Jurisdiction, extent of authority
military Ałeþa, -in (n)
inherited from OPaflyþida, "journey, expedition"
from aflyþ-, "to travel away"
n.
  1. Flotilla
military Ałeþus, -in (n)
from OPAłeþa + -us, "flotilla + augmentative"
n.
  1. Naval Squadron
valuation Ałitoþnaß, -os (c)
from ałitoþ + -naß, "forgiven + -ness"
n.
  1. Forgiveness
valuation ałitur
inherited from OPaflet-, "to release, let away"
v.
  1. to forgive
grammar an
inherited from OPana, "upon, onto"
prep.
  1. on, upon, atop (+dat)
  2. onto, up onto (+acc)
grammar +an, -is (c)
inherited from OP-ands, "-ing (present participial suffix)"
suf.v→n.
  1. -er, one who performs verb
movement ankumur
inherited from OPan- + kƿim-, "to come towards"
v.irreg.
  1. to approach
physical action Anvod, -is (n)
inherited from OPanabud, "a message onto (someone), directive"
from bud, "message, offer"
n.
  1. Authority, power
  2. Authority, government institution, administrative organization
grammar Aræn
inherited from OPƿaryns, "warding off"
n.
  1. Defense
physical action Arveþ, -is (c)
inherited from OParbaiþs, "toil"
n.
  1. work, labor
  2. occupation, job
physical action Arveïan, -is (c)
inherited from OParbaidands, "working (one)"
n.
  1. Worker, Laborer
communication astakur
inherited from OPand- + sak-, "to rebuke in return"
v.
  1. to oppose, to speak against
  2. to dispute
planet Astil, -is (c)
inherited from OPauzandil
from auzi + ƿandil, "dawn wanderer"
n.
  1. Eos, Morning Star
measurement , -is (n)
inherited from OPatisk, "unit of land, equivalent to ~1011 m2"
n.
  1. unit of volume, equivalent to ~7 1⁄4 bushels
valuation Aßt, -is (c)
inherited from OPansts
n.
  1. Mercy
  2. Grace, Divine Favor
grammar at
inherited from OPat, "to(towards), at"
prep.
  1. for
  2. intended to belong to, in honor of, supporting, on behalf of
society Aþal, -is (n)
inherited from OPaþals, "noble"
adj.
  1. noble
n.
  1. nobility
number Æhst, -in (c)
inherited from OPwaihsta, "corner"
n.
  1. Edge
  2. Boundary
possession æïur
inherited from OPaiga-, "to possess"
v.
  1. to have, to possess
substance Æl, -is (n)
inherited from OPail, "fire"
n.
  1. Fervor, Ardor
number æn
inherited from OPains
num.
  1. one
number ænm
inherited from OPainam
from ains
adv.
  1. alone
number ænun
inherited from OPainshun
from ains
pro.
  1. anyone, anything
number ænst
from æn + -st, "one + -th (by analogy from other low ordinal numbers)"
adj.
  1. first
military Ænhæd, -os (c)
from æn + -hæd, "one + hood"
n.
  1. unit, an organized group acting in unison
writing Ærnn, -is (n)
inherited from OPairundi, "sharp, bitter"
n.
  1. Letter, written message
grammar ævr
inherited from OPaifrs, "sharp, bitter"
adv.
  1. gladly, eagerly
  2. verbal auxiliary indicating preference or habit (habitual aspect)
    • i matz ævr ïa Barnmiß. - "I like to eat veal."
plants Baïm, -is (c)
inherited from OPbagms
n.
  1. tree, vascular plant with an elongated stem (trunk) and uses wood as a structural tissue
society Barh, -is (c)
inherited from OPbaurhs, "fortified settlement"
n.
  1. town
society Badz, -in (n)
inherited from OPbaddȝa
borrowed from KMbəźa, "tongue, language"
n.
  1. Language
geography Berv, -is (c)
inherited from OPbairgs
n.
  1. hill
military Berht, -in (n)
inherited from OPbairg- + -ida, "salvation, act of preserving"
n.
  1. Keep, fortress
grammar bi
inherited from OPbi
prep.
  1. at (a point in time) (+dat)
  2. at, near (a place) (+dat)
  3. nobiliary particle (+acc)
physical action bimudur
inherited from MPbimudd-, "to put into protection"
from OPmund, "protection, safety, hand"
v.
  1. to protect
settlement Bistunig, -os (c)
from bist- + -unig, "settling place"
n.
  1. Colony, Settlement
    • Arveïaneï Bistunig Nadeldar - "Workers' Colony Nadeldar"
settlement bistur
inherited from OPbisatȝ-, "to occupy, fill"
v.
  1. to settle, to establish a community
mental action biþahur
from bi- + þahur, "on/at + think"
=
inherited from OPbiþankj-, "think about"
from bi- + þankj-, "about + think"
v.
  1. to think about, to recall (+acc something)
  2. to consider (+acc something)
  3. to contemplate, to meditate
conflict bitzur
inherited from OPbikj-, "punch"
v.
  1. stab, hack, thrust
being biur
inherited from OPbiua-
v. irreg.
  1. to be (irregular verb)
military Bivarhin, -is (c)
inherited from OPbibaurhyns, "fortification"
n..
  1. Palace, Castle
government bivarhins
from Bivarhin + -s
adj.
  1. palatine
  2. of or related to authority derived directly from the imperial palace
  3. of or related to the facilities of the palace
n.
  1. Palatine, member of the Palatine Guard
physical action borzur
inherited from OPbaurgȝ-]], "to hide, conceal"
v.
  1. to bury
dimension bræþ
inherited from OPbraiþs
adj.
  1. wide
motion briggur
inherited from OPbring-
v.
  1. to bring, carry
  2. to make, render, to cause to (+ infinitive)
material Brol, -in (n)
borrowed from KMbroli
n.
  1. Crystal, a shimmering well-ordered mineral
military Brun, -in (c)
inherited from OPbrunȝo, "breastplate"
n.
  1. Armour, personal protection
military Brunïak, -is (c)
inherited from MPbrunȝâ + -ak
n.
  1. Cuirassier, mounted warrior noted for wearing a breastplate and wielding a sabre
make buidzur
inherited from OPbuƿiddȝ-, "to settle, to build"
v.
  1. to build, construct
visibility darn
inherited from OPdarnȝas, "masked, hidden"
adj.
  1. hidden, secret
n.
  1. hidden one
  2. Secret, member of the Secret Guard
military Droþ, -os (c)
inherited from OPdaroþus, "light spear"
n.
  1. lance, spear for use by a mounted warrior
  2. Lance, section-sized unit
military Droþak, -is (c)
from Droþ + -ak
n.
  1. Lancer, cavalryman who fights with a lance
grammar +elk
inherited from OP-lyks
suf.n→adj.
  1. -ly/-y/-ous, similar to or having characteristics of + noun
society Elu, -in (c)
borrowed from ElЭљ, "Elw"
n.
  1. Elw person
society elus
from Elw + -s, "Elw + -ish"
adj.
  1. the quality of being or association with the Elw, e.g. language, culture, et al.
commerce Erb, -in (n)
inherited from OPeraibn, "copper"
n.
  1. Erb, unit of currency
social erszur
from airzj-to mislead, "{{{4}}}"
v.
  1. to delude
  2. to corrupt, lead astray
family Faïren, -os (c)
inherited from OPfadryns, "patrimony, inheritence"
n.
  1. Lineage, Descent
geography Fals, -is (c)
inherited from OPfalis, "rock, cliff"
n.
  1. Cliff
society Fænn, -is (c)
inherited from OPfijands, "enemy"
n.
  1. opponent, rival, opposing team
location fer
inherited from OPfairra
adv.
  1. far
government Fertruïn, -is (c)
inherited from MPfearatruðann
from fair + truð-, "to represent, substitute"
n.
  1. Representative, member of an elected legislative or advisory body
society Feruhls, -is (c)
inherited from OPfair- + wihsls, "across + change"
n.
  1. Trade, exchange of goods & services through a market
body Fiþn, -in (n)
inherited from OPfiþen
n.
  1. Wing
  2. Troop, platoon-size unit
military Fiþnan, -is (c)
inherited from OPFiþanans, "wing leader"
n.
  1. Decurion, commissioned officer in command of a Troop
numeral fif
inherited from OPfimf
num.
  1. five
numeral fift
inherited from OPfifta
num.
  1. five
physical action fivrïur
inherited from OPfairbairg-, "to shelter away"
v.
  1. to hide, to conceal
numeral fiur
inherited from OPfidwor
num.
  1. four
numeral fiursz
inherited from OPfidworþa
, with analogy from þresz, etc
adj.
  1. fourth
society Frainan, -is (c)
inherited from OPfraujinonds, "ruler, master"
n.
  1. Master, one who has control or authority over something/someone
movement fralitur
inherited from OPfralet-, "ruler, master"
v.
  1. to abandon, to desert
military Frum, -in (c)
inherited from OPfruma, "first, in front"
n.
  1. Prime, NCO with authority to command a File
valuation Frumst
inherited from OPfrumists, "foremost"
from fruma, "first, in front"
adj.
  1. foremost, at the very front
  2. principal, chief, of higher rank
n.
  1. Principal, medium grade of NCO, whose name derives from their position at the front of a unit column during a march
grammar fur
inherited from OPfaura
prep.
  1. before, in front of (+ something, someone)
time Furmiþ, -is (c)
inherited from OPfaura + miþi(tyns), "before mid(day)"
n.
  1. forenoon (8am to 12pm)
society furstaur
inherited from OPfaura + strauj-, "to scatter/spread before"
v.irreg.
  1. to prostrate
military Gadraht, -is (c)
inherited from OPgadrauhts, "retainer"
n.
  1. commissioned officer
communication Gæta, -in (n)
inherited from MPg(a)heatið, "a calling together, a meeting"
inherited from OPga- + hait-, "to call together"
n.
  1. Council, Board
  2. Meeting
government Gætz, -in (c)
inherited from OPgahaitȝa, "adviser"
n.
  1. Councillor, member of a Council
society Gamt, -is (c)
inherited from OPgamat, "one who shares a meal"
n.
  1. Friend, Partner
  2. Companion, Comrade
  3. Associate
body gansur
inherited from OPganis-, "to recover, to heal"
v.
  1. to heal, to become healthy
government Gasiþ, -in (c)
inherited from OPgasinþa, "companion"
n.
  1. Count
military Gauht, -is (n)
inherited from MPgaiukt, "yoked together"
n.
  1. Cohort, infantry unit composed of three Maniples
motion gaur
inherited from OPgah-
inherited from OPgaig-
v. irreg.
  1. to go, to walk
  2. to go, move (as a vehicle)
  3. to leave
  4. to work, function
  5. to last, to continue until a specified time
  6. to approach (a time)
  7. to be doing
    • vauþs (vau þus) gaht? Gaht. Gaht suþ. - "How are you? (lit. How goes it for you? It goes. It goes well.)"
fruit Gollet, -os (c)
inherited from OPgonlytus
borrowed from KM, '
n.
  1. mango
animal Golsap, -is (c)
borrowed from KMgvelašapi
n.
  1. Dragon
  2. Dragon Standard, unit standard for Squadrons
military Golsapbir, -is (c)
inherited from OPgwelesapbers, "dragon bearer"
from gwelesaps + bers, "dragon + bearing"
n.
  1. Draconary, junior commissionned officer rank, ceremonially associated with carrying the unit standard
color gul
inherited from OPgilƿs
adj.
  1. yellow, having a yellow color
n.
  1. Yellow
color hagg
inherited from OPheggws, "dark blue"
adj.
  1. dark blue, having a dark blue color
n.
  1. Dark Blue
physical action haldur
inherited from OPhald-
v.
  1. to hold, to have (sth) in possession
  2. to keep, to maintain the condition of
  3. to adhere to (+an)
geography Hall, -os (c)
inherited from OPhallus, "cliff, hill"
n.
  1. mountain, peak
geography halv
inherited from OPhalbs
adj.
  1. half, semi-
geography Halvazz, -os (c)
from halv + Azz, "half island"
n.
  1. Peninsula
military Haß, -os (c)
inherited from OPhansa, "group"
n.
  1. squadron, a company-sized 'lance' unit
  2. group, guild
body Haf, -is (n)
inherited from OPhaubiþ
n.
  1. Head
  2. Leader, Chief
  3. Cape, Headland, Promontory
pref.
  1. leading-, chief-, main-
society Halurn, -os (c)
inherited from OPhalʒuruna, "necromancer"
from halʒa, "Nether"
+
from runa, "secret"
n.
  1. Sorcerer
grammar +hæd, -os (c)
inherited from ophaidus, "manner, mode, method"
suf.n→n.
  1. noun-hood, condition or state of being (+ something/someone), an abstraction of a concrete noun
grammar hæl+___+s
inherited from OPhails, "whole, sound"
+ -s
suf.n→adj.
suf.adj→adj.
  1. -full, full of (+ noun)
  2. completely (+ adjective)
communication hætur
inherited from OPhait-, "to call"
v.
  1. to speak to, to address
  2. (passive) to be called, to be named
    • Bom hætoþ 'Iaume'. - "I am called 'James'."
communication Hæsz, -os (c)
inherited from OPhaisi, "a calling out"
n.
  1. an Order, a Direction
dimension Hesza, -in (n)
inherited from OPheþʒo, "room"
n.
  1. Chamber, Room with a specific purpose
  2. Compartment or Space with a designated purpose
  3. A private room for deliberation
government Heszlin, -is (c)
inherited from OPheþʒolings, "chamberling, keeper of the great hall"
n.
  1. Chamberlain, manager of a noble household
grammar +hin
inherited from OP-hun, "suffix to form indefinite pronouns"
suf.n→n.
  1. Diminutive Suffix. Words inherited from Middle Praeta undergo u-mutation.
anatomy Hirsn, -in (n)
inherited from OPhirzniʒa
n.
  1. Brain
military Hohm, -in (c)
inherited from OPhiuhma, "mass, heap"
n.
  1. Army, the land-based component of a military
  2. a field army
military Holïur, -os (c)
borrowed from KMhödölgüür, "engine"
n.
  1. Artillery piece
military Holïurs
from Holïur + -s
adj.
  1. associated with artillery pieces, techniques of use, or personnel
    • Holïurs Opratzan - "Artillery Ordinate"
color hos
inherited from OPhasƿs, "grey"
adj.
  1. light blue, having a light blue color
  2. pale, pallid, sallow (in reference to skin color)
n.
  1. Light Blue
color huit
inherited from OPhƿyts
adj.
  1. white, having a white color
n.
  1. White
mental action huz-
inherited from OPhugȝ-, "think, believe"
n.
  1. to remember, recall
military Hvaszunig
from hvaszur + -unig, "place of issuing commands"
n.
  1. Headquarters, Command Center
communication hvaszur
inherited from MPhoasi-, "to issue an order"
from LOPhaisi-o-, "to make an order"
v.
  1. to order, to issue a command
grammar ïa₁
inherited from OPis, si, ita, "he, she, it"
det.
  1. this
pron.
  1. this thing/item/it (3rd person singular proximal inanimate)
grammar ïa₂
inherited from MPða(na), "that (acc s. m.)"
from OPsa, þana, "that"
art.
  1. definite article
grammar ïæn
inherited from OPjains, "yon, that over there"
det.
  1. that
pron.
  1. that thing/item/it (3rd person singular distal inanimate)
grammar ïe
inherited from OPþany, "who, that (acc. s. m.)"
conj.
  1. that, introductory particle for a subordinate clause
grammar ïu
inherited from OPdu, "towards"
prep.
  1. to, towards (+dat)
  2. with respect to (+dat)
  3. by, in, on, at (mode of transportation, speech, method) (+dat)
grammar i+
inherited from OPidi-, "again"
pref.
  1. re-, again, repeatedly
body igansur
from i- + gansur
v.
  1. to heal back, to recover from injury
grammar +il, -is (c)
inherited from OP-ils
suf.v→n.
  1. noun-forming suffix to produce an instrumental noun from a verb
society Imbaß, -os (c)
inherited from OPibnassus, "evenness"
n.
  1. Fairness, Impartiality, Equability
  2. Balance, Result after credits and debits have been factored in
  3. Equation, mathematical expression in which two values are established as holding equal value
valuation imm
inherited from OPibns, "even"
adj.
  1. even, flat
  2. equal, even in quantity or quality
  3. (mathematics) equals, equal to (+ dat)
grammar +in, -is (c)
inherited from OP-yns
suf.n→n.
  1. (noun)-ess, specifically female form of animate noun (animal, person, occupation, or name constructor)
  2. specifically female person whose occupation is associated with (+ noun) (in place of -ak)
government Inszæhan, -is (c)
inherited from MPinseahånn
from in-, "in(to)"
+
inherited from OPsaihƿ-, "to see, look"
n.
  1. Inquisitor
grammar inte
prep.
  1. within, inside of (+acc)
physical Inþurl, -is (n)
from in- + Þurl, "In(ward) Opening"
n.
  1. Entrance
grammar ïo
inherited from OPþau, "than"
conj.
  1. than, particle for a comparative clause
government Kaïsar, -is (c)
borrowed from KMkadisaħi, "supreme one, one who is most-high"
n.
  1. Kaiser, ruler of imperial rank
government Kaïsarin, -is (c)
from Kaïsar + -in
n.
  1. Kaiseress, specifically female ruler of imperial rank
people Kiþ, -is (n)
inherited from OPkinþa, "child"
n.
  1. Boy, male child
government Koïsoß, -in (n)
borrowed from KMkadisašwa, "supreme place"
n.
  1. Empire or a significant State
  2. Realm, Domain, Sphere
government Koß, -in (n)
inherited from KMkušwə, "mane, top of head"
n.
  1. Crown
vehicle Korïil
inherited from korïur + -il, "driving + tool"
n.
  1. Vehicle
motion korïur
inherited from OPkauriʒ-, "to turn, sweep"
v.
  1. to drive, to ride (a vehicle)
  2. to execute (a program, series of commands, orders, etc)
language Kuß, -is (c)
inherited from OPkƿiss, "saying, statement"
from kƿiþ-, "to speak"
n.
  1. Phrase, Statement
  2. Act of Saying
  3. a Saying, a Proverb
Krupp, -is (c)
inherited from OPkruppaz, "body, mass, bunch"
n.
  1. Cluster
  2. group
order lazur
inherited from OPlagȝ-, "to lay in place"
v.
  1. to set, put to order
  2. to deposit, to secure something into a position
society Læhn, -is (n)
inherited from OPlaihn, "loaned thing"
n.
  1. Fief, Estate
society Loïaldan, -is (c)
inherited from MPloǥahaldann, "lieutenant"
from loǥa + hald-, "to hold a position"
n.
  1. Lieutenant, Placeholder, an official appointed to perform executive functions in the name of a noble
place Loï, -is (n)
inherited from OPloga, "position, camp"
n.
  1. Place, Spot, Venue
people Loþ, -is (c)
inherited from OPliuþs, "person"
n.
  1. Person
people Loþnaß, -os (c)
from Loþ + -naß, "person + -ness"
n.
  1. Personhood, Humanity
change of state luikur
inherited from OPlwk-
v.
  1. to lock, to fasten with a key or combination
  2. to grapple, hold (something) in position against its will
communication Luþa, -in (n)
inherited from OPliuþoida, "a singing"
n.
  1. Song, Chant
communication luþur
inherited from OPliuþo-, "to sing, recite"
v.
  1. to sing, to chant
  2. to recite, to perform (in song)
geography Łat, -in (n)
inherited from OPflats, "flat"
n.
  1. Plain, area of land with relatively low relief
domestic object Łæïra, -os (c)
inherited from OPhlaidrija
n.
  1. Ladder, frame with horizontal rungs for the purpose of ascend and descent
  2. hierarchy, ranking system
water Łod, -os (c)
inherited from OPflodus
n.
  1. river
motion Łoïd, -in (n)
inherited from OPfliugida, "act of flying"
from fliug- + -ida, "to fly + act of"
n.
  1. Flight, the act of flying
  2. Flock of birds
  3. Flight, military unit consisting of approximately half a dozen aircraft
  4. Suite, a cluster of interconnected rooms sequestered from the rest of their containing structure
dimension maïr
inherited from OPmagrs, "lean"
adj.
  1. narrow, thin
  2. skinny
dimension matzur
inherited from OPmatj-, "to eat, have a meal"
v.
  1. to eat
grammar mæs
inherited from OPmaiza, "more"
adj.
  1. much (a large amount of a collective)
    • mæs Ata - "much water"
  2. more (comparative)
    • mæs loþs io Loþ - "more human than Human"
time Mel, -is (n)
n.
  1. a moment in time
time Meltal, -is (n)
from Mel + Tal, "Moment + Count"
n.
  1. Timepiece, clock, watch
grammar mi
inherited from OPmiþ(i)
prep.
  1. with, along (+ commutative object)
  2. using (+ instrumental object)
grammar mi+
inherited from OPmiþ-
pref.
  1. co-
  2. together with, mutually, jointly
  3. complement to (+ counterpart)
language Mikuß, -is (c)
from mi- + Kuß, "co- + statement"
n.
  1. an Agreement
  2. Agreement, Consensus
food Miß, -is (n)
inherited from OPmimz
n..
  1. Meat
  2. Flesh
family Mog, -os (c)
inherited from OPmagus, "boy, lad"
n.
  1. male child
  2. Son, one's male offspring
  3. male Adoptee
  4. male Descendants from a progenitor
  5. Boy
grammar +mos
suf.v→adj.
  1. forms adjective meaning able to (+ verb), -able
grammar +naß, -os (c)
inherited from OP-inassus
suf.adj→n.
suf.n→n.
  1. (adjective)-ness, state/quality/measure of being (+ adjective)
  2. state/quality/measuring of being (+ noun)
valuation Naþ, -is (c)
inherited from OPnauþs, "compulsion, duress"
n.
  1. Need, Requirement
  2. Emergency, situation of need
  3. Necessity, in persistent need
location næh
inherited from OPnehƿ
adv.
  1. near
grammar niþn+
inherited from OPniþana, "beneath"
pref.
  1. under-
location nos
inherited from OPnehƿis (du), "closer (to)"
prep.
  1. towards, in the direction of
time nuï
inherited from OPniujis
adj.
  1. new
numeral nun
inherited from OPniun
num.
  1. nine
numeral nund
inherited from OPniunda
adj.
  1. ninth
valuation nuszur
inherited from OPknussj-
v.
  1. to kneel, to lower to the knees
numeral oht
inherited from OPahtau
num.
  1. eight
numeral ohtd
inherited from OPahtuda
adj.
  1. eighth
grammar +oï
inherited from MP-oðŭ
from OP-odus
suff.n→adj.
  1. (noun)-ed, state of having (noun)
    • opnoï - "armed"
  2. characterized by having (noun)
    • raþsuftoï - "red-haired"
suff.n→n.
  1. thing or person defined by having (noun)
    • ïe Raþsuftoï - "the Redhead"
  2. a rank or office
    • Setzardoï - "Stewardship"
  3. the domain under the jurisdiction of an office
    • ïa Szonstoï; ïa Gasiþoï - "The Ministry; The County"
valuation olnur
inherited from OPalȝano-, "to be zealous"
v.
  1. to encourage, to hearten
  2. to strengthen
motion Ołd, -in (n)
inherited from OPwandloida, "a wandering"
n.
  1. Walk, a trip made me going on foot
motion ołdur
from Ołd + -ur
v.
  1. to walk, to stroll (go leisurely)
military Opratzan, -is (c)
inherited from OPupp + rakj- + -and(s), "one who musters, arranges up"
n.
  1. Ordinate, Senior NCO with manipular command authority
military Opratzt, -in (n)
inherited from OPupp + rakj- + -ida, "act of arranging up, a mustering"
n.
  1. Maniple, infantry unit consisting of approximately 100-120 soldiers
animal Osz, -is (n)
inherited from OPaƿeþi, "flock of sheep"
n.
  1. Herd, grouping of animals
language Præta, -in (n)
inherited from OPpraitoida, "act of speaking"
from praito- + -ida, "speak + act of"
n.
  1. speech
  2. the Præta Language, a.k.a. Sziroþs Præta
  3. a language
    • ula ie ufkunne elusin Prætin - "I want to learn Elw Language."
language prot-
inherited from OPpraito-, "to speak"
v.
  1. to talk, to speak
  2. to speak (for) (+ something/someone) + fur
government Protz, -in (c)
inherited from OPpraitoȝa, "speaker"
from praito- + -ȝa, "speak + -er"
n.
  1. Prætor, the presiding officer of the Landsraad
family Ras, -in (n)
inherited from OPrasn
n.
  1. house, dwelling
  2. self-contained portion of a larger building for residing in
speech ratz-
inherited from OPrakj-, "set, put to order"
v.
  1. to posit, suggest, put forward for consideration
color raþ
inherited from OPrauþs
adj.
  1. red, having a red color
n.
  1. Red
object Res, -is (n)
inherited from OPhrys, "glyph, stick"
n.
  1. Letter, Character, Glyph
movement riszur
inherited from OPhrisȝ-, "to shake"
v.
  1. to tremble, to shake
condition Ruh, -is (c)
inherited from OProwa
n.
  1. Calmness, Quiet
  2. Tranquility, Peace, Repose
grammar +s
inherited from OP-isks, "-ish"
suf.n→adj.
  1. forms adjective, having the quality of or association with something
military Salb, -is (n)
borrowed from KMʒalebi, "forces"
n.
  1. Legion, organic combined armed formation composed of ten maniples
military Salbnan, -is (c)
borrowed from KM#Salb + nan
n.
  1. Legate, commander of a legion, or equivalent formation
material Salsz, -in (n)
inherited from KMšeleč, "incanted iron"
n.
  1. Steel
government Saltzn, -in (n)
inherited from OPskalkino-, "to serve"
n.
  1. Service, task, fatigue, toil
valuation san
inherited from OPskauns, "beautiful"
adj.
  1. good, splendid
  2. nice, pleasant
    • Sal san Ołd! - "such a lovely walk!"
color sart
inherited from OPswarts
adj.
  1. black, dark
military Saz, -is (c)
inherited from OPsagjis, "follower, warrior"
n.
  1. Guard, Bodyguard, someone specifically assigned to protect
military Sazn, -in (n)
inherited from MPsagjonă, "a group of followers"
n.
  1. Schola, unit of guards, equivalent to a Vexillation
  2. (plural) Scholae, guards formation, equivalent to a Legion
    • ïe Saznan Apollonseï - "The Apollonian Guards (Scholae Apollonae)"
society Selfaþ, -is (c)
inherited from OPsels + faþs, "good + master/commander"
n.
  1. Citizen, member of the aristocratic class
government Setzard, -is (c)
inherited from MPsetȝâ + ård, "seat/throne + guard"
n.
  1. Steward
animal Szuk, -in (c)
inherited from OPskuh, "to terrify"
n.
  1. Dog, especially Benacian breeds used for bear and serf hunting in antiquity
grammar si
inherited from OPsa, "this"
pron.
  1. he/she (3rd person singular animate)
military Siïs, -in (n)
inherited from OPsigis
n.
  1. Victory, Triumph
  2. Success
military Silbir, -is (c)
inherited from OPskildus + bers, "shield + bearing"
n.
  1. Squire, lowest commissioned officer rank achieved upon graduating from a military academy
  2. Squire, an apprentice to a knight
government Sinsalk, -is (n)
inherited from OPsini- + skalks, "old(er) slave"
n.
  1. Seneschal, senior administrative court position
movement sirþ-
inherited from OPskryþ-, "to move"
v.
  1. to go about, move, proceed, roam
military Sirþmos Maht, -is (c)
from sirþmos + Maht, "Mobile Force"
n.
  1. Army Group, military command composed of multiple field armies
warfare Slaht, -in (n)
inherited from OPslahida, "act of striking"
from slah- + -ida, "to strike + act of"
n.
  1. battle, fight
  2. conflict
military Staggus, -in (c)
inherited from MPstaggiso, "great sign"
from OPstanga, "pole"
n.
  1. Banner, specifically that of a commanding general
object Stran, -in (c)
inherited from OPstrangs, "string"
n.
  1. Cord
  2. Braid
conflict streïur
inherited from OPstryd-, "strive, contend"
v.
  1. fight, encounter, skirmish
military streïak, -is
from streï- + -ak
n.
  1. Skirmisher
  2. Soldier, lowest rank in the Imperial Army
military Streïkrupp, -is (c)
from streï- + Krupp, "fight group"
n.
  1. Combat Group, infantry cohort augmented with combined-arms units
  2. Any ad hoc combined-arms mobile formation.
religion Sundoï, -in (n)
inherited from KMsum dugan
n.
  1. Temple, site of organized worship
health Suþ, -is (n)
inherited from OPswinþs, "strong"
n.
  1. Health
adj.
  1. healthy, sound
  2. sane, of sound mind
water Sva, -is (c)
inherited from OPsaiƿs
n.
  1. Sea
sky Sval, -os (c)
inherited from OPsauil
n.
  1. Atos, the Sun, the star which Micras orbits
vision szæïur
inherited from OPsaihƿ-
v.
  1. to see
  2. to look (at)
  3. to notice, realize, spot
architecture Szæl, -is (n)
inherited from OPþaila, "plank, floor"
n.
  1. floor, level in a building (esp. above the ground)
numeral szæß
inherited from OPsaihs
num.
  1. six
numeral szæßt
inherited from OPsaihsta
adj.
  1. sixth
grammar szæþ+
inherited from OPsyþus, "late"
pref.
  1. after-
government Sziroþ, -is (c)
borrowed from Old S. ElwSjirutʰ, "The Rivers (former indigenous name for area of the Confluence)"
n.
  1. Shireroth
government Szodan, -is (c)
inherited from OPþiudans, "leader of the people"
n.
  1. ethnarch, king
government Szonst, -is (c)
inherited from OPþiunosts, "service"
from þius, "servant"
n.
  1. Ministry
numeral szun
inherited from MPsiwon
inherited from OPsibun, siwun
num.
  1. seven
numeral szund
inherited from OPsibunda
adj.
  1. seventh
numeral ta
inherited from OPtwai
num.
  1. two
numeral tasz
inherited from OPtwadȝe, "of two"
from twai
adj.
  1. second
military Tiï, -os (c)
inherited from OPtigus, "group of ten"
n.
  1. File, military unit, equivalent of section or squad
grammar tom+___+s
inherited from OPtoms, "empty, clear, unoccupied"
+ -s
suf.n→adj.
suf.adj→adj.
  1. -less, absent of (+ noun)
  2. lacking in (+ adjective)ness
shape Trazd, -in (n)
inherited from OPtrandiȝ-, "to revolve"
n.
  1. Circle, Ring, Hoop
  2. Range, Scope
military +tuï
inherited from OPtigus, "group of ten"
suf.adj→adj.
  1. -ty, multiples of ten
numeral tzæhn
inherited from OPtaihun
num.
  1. ten
numeral tzæhd
inherited from OPtaihunda
adj.
  1. tenth
symbol Tzækn, -in (n)
inherited from OPtaikn
n.
  1. Symbol, Emblem
  2. Logo
  3. Manipular Standard, carried by a Signifer
military Tzæknak, -is (c)
from Tzækn + -ak
n.
  1. Signifer, Principal soldier who carries the maniple's standard and is in charge of the maniple's provisions and administration
time Tzæn, -is (c)
inherited from OPtyns, "day (as opposed to night)"
n.
  1. day, the period of time between dawn and dusk
mental action þahur
inherited from OPþankȝ-, "perceive, think"
v.
  1. to think
  2. to intend
valuation Þah, -is (c)
inherited from OPþanks, "gratitude"
from þankj-, "think"
n.
  1. Gratitude, thanks
    • Mæs Þah an ïa Gulþsan Golletsan Setz! - "Much thanks to the Golden Mango Throne!"
valuation þanur
inherited from OPþanȝ-, "to stretch"
v.
  1. to bow
    • ' - "{{{3}}}"
warfare Þeïn, -is (c)
inherited from OPþegns, "retainer, warrior"
n.
  1. hero, warrior
  2. Thane, archaic noble rank resurrected briefly by Kaiser Yarad I to add to his titles
anatomy Þrava, -in (c)
inherited from OPþragȝo, "running thing"
from þragȝ-, "to run"
n.
  1. foot
numeral þre
inherited from OPþrys
num.
  1. three
numeral þresz
inherited from OPþridȝa
num.
  1. third
physical Þurl, -is (n)
inherited from OPþurila, "perforation"
n.
  1. Opening, Aperture
valuation ufrus
inherited from OPufarwisan, "to be over"
adj.
  1. superior, of higher standing
direction , -is (c)
inherited from OPƿigs, "path"
n.
  1. Road, paved path between locations
  2. Way, Path
military Uihmanz, -is (c)
inherited from MPʉɵǥs + manaǥie, "battle + multitude, crowd"
from OPƿygs
+
from OPmanagy, "multitude, the many"
n.
  1. Corps, military formation composed of multiple legions
direction Uïhs, -is (c)
inherited from OPƿyhs, "village"
n.
  1. Village
  2. Ward, Township
language uiksur
borrowed from KMūsak-, "write, draw"
v.
  1. write, form letters
dimension uiþ
inherited from OPƿiþs, "wide"
adj.
  1. flat
people Uþr, -os (c)
inherited from OPwiþrus, "lamb"
n.
  1. Boy, male child
  2. Child
mental action ul-
inherited from OPƿilȝ-, "to want, to desire"
v.
  1. to want to + subordinate clause in subjunctive)
grammar um
inherited from OPumbi
prep.
  1. about, around
  2. at (a time)
  3. during (a time period)
grammar um+
from um
pref.
  1. re-, again, repeatedly
  2. around
  3. by another route
mental action umþahur
from um- + þahur, "about + think"
v.
  1. to test, examine
grammar un+
inherited from OPinu
pref.
  1. without, lacking __
grammar +unig, -os
inherited from OPwununga, "dwelling"
suf.v→n.
  1. Place in which an activity is performed
motion urrætzur
inherited from OPus- + raikij-, "to reach out"
v.
  1. to reach, to catch
  2. to accomplish, to complete successfully, to achieve
n.
  1. Accomplishment, Achievement
    • Urrætzur adluikoþ! - "Achievement unlocked!"
grammar us+
inherited from OPus-
pref.
  1. out, up
grammar +us, -in
inherited from OP-iza, "more __, -er"
suf.n→n.
  1. Augmentative Suffix
communication usætur
inherited from MPus- + (h)eat-, "to call out"
or
from us- + (h)ætur
v.
  1. to challenge
  2. to provoke
grammar uste
prep.
  1. outside of (+acc)
motion ustzæïur
inherited from OPusstyg-, "to climb up into"
v.
  1. to rise, to ascend
physical Usþurl, -is (n)
from us- + Þurl, "Out(ward) Opening"
n.
  1. Exit
dimension usuïur
inherited from OPusƿidiȝ-, "to widen out"
v.
  1. to extend, expand
  2. to spread
  3. to stretch
grammar utn+
inherited from OPutana, "outside of"
pref.
  1. outer-
grammar uvn+
inherited from OPubana, "from above"
pref.
  1. over-
vision uvnszæïur
from OPuvn- + szæïur, "to see over"
v.
  1. to supervise, oversee, review/regulate the actions of a group
  2. to examine something in order to determine its condition/quality/behavior
  3. to survey, to determine the topography of a particular territory

}}

society Vadz, -in (c)
inherited from OPƿaidedȝa, "robber"
n.
  1. Degenerate
substance Vaht, -in (c)
inherited from OPƿaiht, "thing"
n.
  1. Matter, Concern, Business
  2. Affair, Situation
grammar val
inherited from OPƿaila, "good"
adv.
  1. possibly, probably
  2. verbal auxiliary indicating uncertainty or necessity (optative/tentative mood)
valuation Valkuß, -is (c)
inherited from MPɵala + kʉss, "good + statement"
n.
  1. a Blessing
dimension vanh
inherited from OPƿainahs, "marginal"
adj.
  1. short
  2. carbine (when referring to a rifle)
    • M1591(V) - "M1591(Short)"
being Varþat, -is (n)
inherited from OPƿairþatȝa, "origination"
from ƿairþ- + -atȝa, "to happen + action"
n.
  1. Homeland
    • V' ïat ni uitt, an ïæ Varþati Lakeï? - "You don't know about the Laq Homeland?"
  2. place or region that something or someone originates from
being varþur
inherited from OPƿairþ-, "to happen"
v.
  1. to come from, derive, originate (+ us + DAT)
  2. to become, turn into + an + ACC)
warfare Vasz, -os (c)
inherited from OPƿaiþȝa, "hunter"
n.
  1. bandit, outlaw
  2. pirate, plunderer
food vaþnur
inherited from OPƿaiþanȝ-, "to pursue"
v.
  1. to hunt
  2. to chase down, pursue
  3. to stalk for prey
warfare Væhta, -in (n)
inherited from MPǥ(a)feahtið, "a conflict"
from OPfaiht-, "to struggle (with)"
n.
  1. war, conflict
grammar ve, v'
inherited from OPibai, "?"
ptcl.
  1. interrogative particle, introduces a yes-no question
    • V' æïs ïâ Mel? - "Have the time?"
economics Zæl, -is (c)
inherited from OPdails, "share, portion"
n.
  1. Share, a portion, especially of a company
  2. Ration, a share//allotment of something